Ancient Chinese Jian Sword
Ancient Chinese Sword
Indian Flexible Whip Sword
Nazi Germany Swords
Sword of Civil War Hero



Lost Sword of a Civil War Hero

Colonel Robert Gould Shaw
Commanded the American Civil War’s 1st 'Black Regiment'


Colonel Robert Gould Shaw (Died 1863)
54th Massachusetts Infantry

1863 - Colonal Robert Gould Shaw led the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, the Civil War’s first all-black regiment, into battle in South Carolina. Shaw carried a sword, and when he was killed in battle, that sword disappeared. Two years later, it was rediscovered and given to his parents. But then, in the course of time, it was lost again.

Turns out, it was sitting in an attic in Massachusetts’ North Shore, not far from Boston. Recently, descendants of Shaw’s sister were sorting through attic storage, when they came across a sword.

Colonel Robert Gould Shaw's Sword
There are Three Initials on the Sword: RGS

The family has now handed this relic over to the Massachusetts Historical Society, along with family papers and letters, photographs, and other artifacts. The sword is the highlight of the collection. It is, says the society’s curator, “a magnificent specimen of a sword… exactly what a colonel would carry in a war.”

The Sword's Hilt

With the American Civil War soon to be entering its third year, and the ranks being depleted due to battlefield casualties and desertions, the Union army was in great need of new recruits. By the end of January 1863, Lincoln authorized Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton to allow black men to enlist in volunteer regiments. Though the idea of arming black men was controversial and unpopular among many white soldiers and citizens, this move found great favor amongst the abolitionists with whom the topic already had been discussed.

Pro-abolitionist Governor John A. Andrew of Massachusetts executed his plan to form a black volunteer regiment. This unit, the 54th Massachusetts, would be the first of its kind in the Northern states. Governor Andrew approached Shaw to lead the new regiment as its colonel, because of his family's powerful and respectable status in society and their principles on anti-slavery.

Shaw organized and drilled the recruits at Camp Meigs near Boston. As a commanding officer he was a strict disciplinarian, largely out of his concern that the failure of this experimental regiment would bring ridicule and shame to all, damaging future chances for more regiments of its kind.


Solingen Blades

Solingen the "City of Swords" - Located in the former Rhine Province of Prussia on the Wupper River. For centuries Solingen has been the heart of the German edged weapon and cutlery industry.

Solingen - Is one of the most renowned of all the ancient cities that created fighting blades for the armies of Europe. It ranked with Toledo and Damascus, and the quality of its weapons was held in high regard by warriors of many lands.

Even Today - Solingen remains as one of the world's largest manufacturers of swords, knives and cutlery.

The Solingen Sword Industry - Received considerable impetus around the year eleven hundred and thereafter from the "Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem". These noble warriors established many manors and castles in the area around Solingen, and readily availed themselves of the fighting weapons from the Solingen forges.

During the Crusades - Many Solingen sword makers accompanied the noblemen and knights, to whom they pledged allegiance, into foreign lands in ventures of conquest. This enabled them to observe firsthand the practices and techniques employed by the foreign sword producers. When the swordsmiths returned to their forges in Solingen after the wars, they incorporated all their newly learned skills into the weapons they created.

1933 Nazi Germany - A New Fuehrer and a Third Reich
Not since the Crusades had Solingen been so revitalized, as by the Third Reich in 1933.

Hermann Goering - Wedding Sword

Hermann Goering - Wearing Wedding Sword

Goering was the Commander-in-chief of the German Luftwaffe (Air Force)

Hermann Goering - Was instrumental in furthering the adoption of many new daggers and swords for the Third Reich, and personally contributed to the design of several pieces. Goering was seldom seen without a dagger or sword of some fashion, on his belt.

Luftwaffe Generals Sword

Luftwaffe Officers Sword

Luftwaffe Officers Sword

Swords - Employed by warriors centuries ago were reproduced in exact form and design for the soldiers of Hitler's German military. Many of the Third Reich designs for swords were copied from the medieval arms carried by the Teutonic forbears of the leaders of the Wehrmacht.

Swords produced by Germany in the 1930's were principally for purposes of tradition and prestige, and were not designed for incapacitating enemies of the Reich.

Throughout History - Swords have been regarded as symbols of independence, strength, justice and valor. After 1650 however, swords lost much of their significance as weapons of warfare, and assumed more importance as a symbol of authority and rank. Size and fighting weight were reduced and virtually every royal ruler and military leader adorned himself with an elegant blade.

Officers and noncommissioned officers of the German military forces have traditionally carried swords. This tradition was extended into the Hitler era, however, daggers were more predominant than swords.

Variety of Designs - Encountered among German swords of the Third Reich is almost limitless. Several models had their origin in the Imperial Era, and with minor modification, were produced for the leaders of the Nazi forces.

Except for the SS Officer's Sword, all Nazi swords could be purchased from the manufacturer of the individual purchaser's choice. Swords were ordered either from retail stores dealing in cutlery and edged weapons, or else from Solingen firm salesmen who regularly visited the military camps to take orders.

It is quite obvious that members of the elite SS developed much more tradition, and exercised tighter controls with regard to wearing their daggers and swords, than did the other Nazi organizations.

Nazi German Army - Officers Swords
Color Illustrations

Original Printing Plates - Firms of Holler and WKC (Solingen)

Army Officers Sword - Silver Plated Wehrmacht Emblem
Model: Also comes with Gold Plated Eagle

Common Pattern - Army Officers Sword with Red Jeweled Eyes
Sword Grips - 'Gold Plated, Hand Polished and Lacquered' or 'Sprayed with Gold Paint'
(Choice of Finish Determined the Price)

Unusual Design - Army Officers Sword
Patented by F. W. Holler
New Sword Designs were Originated by Firms & Approved by the Army

Army Officers Sword - Designed for Cavalry or Artillery
Crossed Swords for Cavalry - Crosse Cannons for Artillery
No Swastika on this Particular Model

Standard Army Officers Sword with Hand Polished Finish

2,300 Years Old
Chinese Sword is Still Shiny!

Amazing Discovery was made in an 'Ancient Tomb' in Xinyang City
Central China's Henan Province

The Sword - Is thought to come from the time of the Warring States, which was a period of 250 years between 475 BC and 221 BC, which saw numerous fierce wars fought between the eight states of the Zhou Dynasty.

Millennia-old Weapon Looks Sharp - Is Still Glistening - As an Archaeologist Pulls it from its Sheath

Archaeologists - Discovered the ancient weapon, in a tomb among the ruins of Chengyang City in central China.

When they unsheathed the large blade from its muddied cover, they found it had not oxidized but was still sharp, shiny and in near-perfect condition.

The Sword - Had been buried inside a wooden coffin next to its owner. It had been preserved because ancient tombs in the area are usually humid and sealed off from the outside.

The owner of the tomb in the city in the ancient Chu kingdom, located 25km north of Xinyang city in Henan Province, has not yet been identified.

Chinese Man Finds Ancient Sword in Ground

Experts Think the Sword Dates to the Ching Dynasty
Because the Characters 'Ching Lung Jian' are Etched into It
Meaning: "Green Dragon Sword"

A 60-year-old Chinese farmer who found an ancient sword blade digging in the ground used it as a kitchen knife for several years before realizing its value and historical importance.  He may have disallowed efforts to determine its exact age by polishing and sharpening it.

Government officials became aware of the sword while visiting his village in a bid to find items of historical value to put on display. The officials contacted the local cultural bureau to determine the sword's historical value.
Such swords are still used today in Tai Chi training, a form of exercise and a Martial Art. The double-edged straight sword, or Jian, goes back 3,000 years. Before the Iron Age, Jian swords were made of bronze and were shorter. But about 2,000 years ago sword makers began to use iron and steel. The length of the Jian swords increased gradually.

Jian blades became more refined and more popular among Martial Artists and martial arts Societies beginning in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and the Ching Dynasty  (1644-1912). Most antique Jian swords one sees nowadays are mid to late Ching Dynasty blades. Excellent swords were also made in China's Republican era until 1920 or later.

In 2014, a boy was washing his hands in the Laozhoulin River in Gaoyou County, China, when he felt something hard and metallic. He pulled out the object and found that it was a rusty sword—a 3,000-year-old bronze piece.


Ancient Jian Sword

After fishing the sword out from the river, the boy took the relic home to his father. As news spread around their town, locals began flocking to their home, with some offering high prices to purchase the artifact. However, the boy and his father felt it was best to preserve the sword for its cultural value and sent it to the Gaoyou Cultural Relics Bureau, who rewarded the two for their honor in protecting and donating it.

The Relics Bureau organized a team of local cultural relics experts to identify the sword. Initial identifications found that the bronze sword could be dated back to around the time of the Shang and Zhou dynasties, more than 3,000 years ago. It is among the oldest swords ever recovered. The first bronze swords are believed to have first been developed in China around 3,200 years ago.

Chinese Bronze Sword Blade (similar Laozhoulin River)

The Bronze Sword which does not have decorative patterns, is an example of a Short Sword, which was often used by civil officials for decorative or status reasons. Swords of this period were typically made from bronze with high tin content for the cutting edge and bronze with low tin content for the spine, resulting in a sword with hard and durable cutting edges and a flexible spine to absorb shock. There was also extensive use of copper sulfides as anti-corrosion coatings.

Deadly - Flexible Whip Sword

Called the Urumi
A Sword that "Acts like a Whip"
It will cut you!

The Urumi hasn’t regularly been used as an actual weapon for generations.
But even as a demonstration weapon, it is still incredibly dangerous.
Especially to the user!

Urumi - Can be translated as “Curving Sword” and is also known as a “Chuttuval”. It hails from Southern India. The historic weapon was saved from the erasure of time when it was incorporated into Kalaripayattu martial arts, an Indian fighting style that is considered one of the oldest in the world. Incorporating elements of yoga and performative dance, Kalaripayattu movements look like violent but graceful choreography. Urumi fighting is no different, it is just far more dangerous to those who would attempt to learn the skill.    

Like any sword, the Urumi comes in a number of varieties, with a variable length, and even a variable number of blades, but they all follow the same basic construction. Usually simpler than more elaborately decorated sword weapons, at its simplest, the Urumi consists of a hilt connected to a thin, flexible steel blade. The handle is usually protected by a crossguard and knuckle-guard'. The long blades extend somewhere between four and six feet in length (or even longer in some cases), and around an inch in width, but the aspect that makes the weapon unique is that the steel is always thin enough to flop around.

Given the Urumi's unique construction, wielding it is also an art unto itself. Since the flexible blade is no good for stabbing, it is slung around similarly to a traditional leather whip. In order to make continuous strikes with the weapon, it must stay continually in motion so that the momentum which gives the blade its slashing power is not lost. This usually requires the user to swing it over and around their head and shoulders in furious arcs.

While this makes the Urumi incredibly hard and dangerous to use, it also provides it with one of its major benefits as a weapon. When the blade curves around the sword wielder in quick arcing slashes, it creates a defensive bubble of flying metal that an opponent would be reckless to get close to. In addition, it makes a terrific weapon for defending against multiple opponents, both by providing a good barrier at a number of angles at once, and for the long, wild attacking arcs the steel whip provides.   

Urumi Sparring  - Incorporates small 'Buckler Shields' that are used to deflect direct swings of the weapon, but when the Urumi was used in actual combat, it was said to have had the added benefit of curving around the edges of enemy shields, landing cuts even when blocked.

Added Bonus of a Wildly Flexible Blade - The Urumi could be tightly rolled up for easy travel and concealment. In fact, it has often been worn as a belt.

Of course all of this versatility comes at a price. As you can imagine, winging metal whips around your delicate face flesh at high speeds can easily result in a missing nose, or other mishap. Wielding the urumi correctly and safely takes years of training, learning techniques for everything from bringing the blade to safe stop, to altering the rotation of your swings without slicing your arm off.

In the hierarchy of Kalaripayattu weapons training, the Urumi is usually taught last due to the high degree of difficulty in wielding the weapon. Sometimes, students begin their training using a piece of cloth instead of the metal blade, so that they can master the intricate moves of the Urumi before picking up any steel, learning a graceful flow and rhythm to their swings.

All of this training is required to wield an Urumi that has only one blade, however many variations of the weapon have multiple steel belts radiating from the handle like a slashing flog. Without question, the more strands on a given Urumi, the more difficult it becomes to wield, but the more deadly it becomes to the opponent. According to one source, there was a Sri Lankan version of the Urumi that had 32 blades, and was usually double-wielded, with one in each hand.

Urumi weapon still springs up in popular culture from time to time. The weapon can be found in tabletop roleplaying games like Pathfinder, and Urumi-wielding warriors can be summoned as troops in the 2007 strategy game Age of Empires III: The Asian Dynasties. There was even a 2011 Indian historical drama called, Urumi, which prominently featured the main character using the weapon.


Green Dragon Society